Tswana people are Bantu speaking including Sotho-Tswana clan residing either in Botswana, Lesotho and South Africa.The Tswana people all over the world are organised into social groups based on clans. These groups of people have distinct ways of living depending on their creativity and experiences.The major Sotho groups are the South Sotho (Basuto and Sotho), the West Sotho (Tswana), and the North Sotho (Pedi). Most interesting are the systems they acquire to help them in the community.
Quick Facts about the Tswana Culture
- Traditionally, the Batswana were polygamous, with marriages mostly pre-arranged and taking place shortly after men and women complete their initiation rites into adulthood.
- For those that still follow a traditional belief system, ancestral worship is central to their daily religious practice, as it is believed that, if appeased, the ancestors will protect the family, strengthen the community and keep away ill omens.
- Ancestors are also invoked to promote auspicious seasonal events, such as the well-timed onset of the rains and a good-quality harvest
- Under Apartheid regime, Tswana people were Bophuthatswana citizens. The citizens then formed numerous segments neighboring areas of the North-West Province and the Northern Cape.
- Cattle keeping and Bayei fishing methods of Tswana and Batswana people has been used as means to exchange cultural values between values of the community.
- Tswana culture is often distinguished for its complex legal system, involving a hierarchy of courts and mediators, and harsh punishments for those found guilty of crimes.
- There are a few specialized Tswana arts; wood carving and basket weaving and beadwork is practiced by some and houses are often beautifully designed and painted.Song (pina) and dance (pino) are highly developed forms of artistic expression.
- Tswana is sometimes referred to as Beetjuans, Chuana (hence Bechuanaland), Coana, Cuana, or Sechuana.
- Tswana was the one of the first written Sotho languages. The earliest example being Heinrich Lictenstein’s 1806 text called Upon the Language of the Beetjuana. Followed by John Cambell’s Bootchuana words (1815) and Burchell’s Botswana in 1824.
- Its pronounced Motswana (singular) and Batswana (plural).
Source : BuzzSouthAfrica